Charge and Energy Noise in ac-driven Conductors and their Detection from Frequency-resolved Potential and Temperature Fluctuations

Charge and Energy Noise in ac-driven Conductors and their Detection from Frequency-resolved Potential and Temperature Fluctuations

Title: Charge and Energy Noise in ac-driven Conductors and their Detection from Frequency-resolved Potential and Temperature Fluctuations.
When: Tuesday, December 12, (2017), 12:00.
Place: Department of Theoretical Condensed Matter Physics, Faculty of Science, Module 5, Seminar Room (5th Floor).
Speaker: Janine Splettstoesser, Microtechnology and Nanoscience, Applied Quantum Physics Laboratory Department of Microtechnology and Nanoscience, Chalmers University of Technology, Göteborg, Sweden.

The time-dependent driving of nanoscale conductors allows for the controlled creation of single-electron excitations. This effect has been demonstrated experimentally both by application of time-dependent driving to gates coupled to confined systems, such as quantum dots [1], and by specifically shaped ac-driving of two-dimensional conductors [2,3].

However, the spectral properties of the injected signal are in general not known; moreover, the particle emission goes along with the excitation of electron-hole pairs with some unknown energy distribution. These issues can be addressed by studying fluctuations in the detected currents: not only do such fluctuations provide more insight into how to increase the precision of the single-particle emission, but also they allow for obtaining more information about the character of the emitted signal.

Here, I will present a theoretical study of charge and energy currents and their fluctuations in coherent conductors driven by different types of time-periodic bias voltages, based on a scattering matrix approach [4,5]. Specifically, we investigate the role of electron-like and hole-like excitations created by the driving in the charge current noise, where they only contribute separately. In contrast, additional features due to electron-hole correlations appear in the energy noise.

We then compare two different types of driving schemes [6], that is for a driven mesoscopic capacitor [1] as well as for a Lorentzian-shaped bias voltage [3], which do not differ in the number of injected particles, but only in their energetic properties.

Finally, I will discuss proposals for the detection of charge and energy noise, either through power fluctuations [4], or via frequency-dependent temperature and electrochemical-potential fluctuations in a probe reservoir [7].

References

  1. G. Fève, A. Mahé, J.-M. Berroir, T. Kontos, B. Plaçais, D. C. Glattli, A. Cavanna, B. Etienne, Y. Jin: Science 316, 1169 (2007).
  2. J. Gabelli and B. Reulet, Phys. Rev. B 87, 075403 (2013).
  3. J. Dubois, T. Jullien, F. Portier, P. Roche, A. Cavanna, Y. Jin, W. Wegscheider, P. Roulleau, and D. C. Glattli, Nature 502, 659 (2013).
  4. F. Battista, F. Haupt, and J. Splettstoesser, Phys. Rev. B 90, 085418 (2014).
  5. F. Battista, F. Haupt, and J. Splettstoesser, J. Phys. Conf. Ser. 568, 052008 (2014).
  6. N. Dashti, M. Misiorny, P. Samuelsson, and J. Splettstoesser, in preparation.
  7. N. Dashti, M. Misiorny, P. Samuelsson, and J. Splettstoesser, in preparation.